In the 1st verses of Bereshit Genesis, God produces light and “there was evening and early morning, the very first day.” (Genesis 1:5) The rabbis reasoned that when the Torah, the merchandise of divine revelation, stated that the first time started with night, that have to have already been God’s intention, for “days” to begin with at sunset. Then when the sky is streaked aided by the diminishing sunlight, in Jewish homes around the world, candles are lit, blessings are said and Shabbat is welcomed friday. As well as in synagogues, the Friday Ma’ariv solution starts with a number of hymns, Psalms, and blessings collectively referred to as Kabbalat Shabbat/ Welcoming the Sabbath.
A Kaddish said after learning in a group, in honor of our teachers in orthodox congregations, Kabbalat Shabbat consists of Psalms 95 through 99, Psalm 29, the hymn Lecha Dodi, Come my beloved, Psalms 92 and 93, a lengthy reading from the Talmud passages governing the Sabbath, placed here to separate Kabbalat Shabbat from Ma’ariv, and both the Mourner’s Kaddish and Kaddish de-Rabanan. In Conservative, Reform and Reconstructionist solutions, the Talmud passages in addition to two variations of Kaddish might be omitted, often re placed by a half-Kaddish that separates the Kabbalat Shabbat through the Ma’ariv solution proper. (more…)